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Ideas of the Renaissance
  • The Renaissance, orr "rebirth", took place between the 15th and 17th century
  • It originated in Italy and spread upwords through the rest of Europe.
  • The term "rebirth" simply means the re-spread of the Roman and Greek ideas and culture
  • Humanism
    • A movement based on human worth and dignity and a man's place in the natural world
    • Scholars believed that people of the Renaissance should follow within the classics of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations
  • The revival of learning
  • The Renaissance witnessed...
    • The development of new art
    • New ideas on apperance and clothing
    • The decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce
    • The discovery and exploration of new continents
    • The acceptance of the Copernican instead of the Ptolemaic system of astronomy
    • The invention of the printing press, paper, and gunpowder
  • The Renaissance had placed human beings in the center of life's stage


ART

  • Art marked a fundamental change in European vision
    • Gothic style
      mona_lisa.jpg
      "Mona Lisa", Leonardo da Vinci (1503 approx.)
    • Renewed interest in all things ancient
  • Artists and architechts originally worked for church
    • Religious subject matter
  • Artists belonged to guilds (leagues/union type things)
  • Later, artistic production took place in large workshops
  • Personal competition encouraged greater focus on style/principles of design
  • Narrative pictures
  • Self portraits helped gain fame, they became popular for that reason
  • 1435>> Leon Battista Alberti wrote "On Painting"
    • First and most influential essay of period
    • Defined paintings as "planes"/"windows"
    • Based art on geometric construction
    • 3-D illustion: locate objects in picture with mathmatical precision
  • Pictures told stories
  • Architecture was an expression, an art.
    • Roman round arch
      • Offered gothic builders a structural unit, great flexability and adaptability.
      • Semi-circle arch is rigid
      • Mathmatical simplicity
  • Mathmatical relationships and geometric forms were essential
  • Leonardo da Vinci, a well known "renaissance man" (excels at many things)
    • Pioneer investigator in many fields of science
      • Anatomy, geology, botany, hydraulics
    • Practiced all visual arts

Music




Clothing
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Renaissance Clothing


  • Dress during the renaissance was very flashy and elegant
    • Highly influenced by Spainish and French Fashions
  • Men
    • Outer coat that was ususally fur lined
    • Short Pants
    • A doublet or "Inner Coat" that was richly trimmed
    • Embroidered shirt worn under the doublet
    • Slashed shoes that were very broad
    • A cap ususally made of velvet, that was also plummed
    • Hair cut very short and hidden by the cap
  • Women
    • Long dress mounted on intricate cages of wire, whalebone and cloth, called farthingales
    • The bodice and skirt became separate pieces, rather than one garment as they had been prior to the Renaissance
    • Skirts were parted or gathered up at the sides to show off elaborately decorated underskirts
    • Trains became less fashionable
    • Sleeves were tight fitting from the wrist to the elbow, with large poofed shoulders, slashed to show colorful insets.
  • It took hours to get dressed, the clothing was so elaboate. Most clothing was black with accents of different colors. Black velvets, brocades and silks made a perfect backdrop for the elaborate jeweled decorations. Women’s dresses were encrusted with pearls, rubies, diamonds, and any other precious stones that made their way across the Atlantic to Western Europe.

The Prodistant Reformation in Englan
Title page of the 1611 King James Bible
Title page of the 1611 King James Bible
d


  • 1517- Martin Luther nails his 95 thesis to the door of a church
  • 1529- King Henry VIII begins to cut ties with the Chatholic Church
  • 1533- King Henry VIII marries Ann Bolynn and is excommunicated
  • 1534- The Act of Supremecy deems King Henry VIII the head of the
church of England
  • 1536- Ann Bolynn is beheaded, Henry VIII orders the dissolution of
all monistaries in Britain, completed in 1539
  • 1549- Introduction of uniform Prodistant religion for all England, based on
Edward VI book of common prayer
  • 1553- Catherine of Aaragon becomes queen, Catholisism is restored
  • 1555- Full return of Catholisism in England, prodistants are persicuted
and exicuted
  • 1560- Elizabeth I becomes queen, angain Catholisism is banished from England
  • 1563- The Thirty Nine Articles establish an Anglican Church in England
  • 1603- Elizabeth I dies, James I becomes king
  • 1605- Guy Fawkes and the Roman Catholics in their plot to blow up
Parliment and King James I
  • 1611- King James I authorizes a new verison of the bible, named the King
James I Version



Politics/Royal Families During the Renaissance

  • England
    • England was lead by the current monarch, and a Parliament of elected officals
    • The Tudor families reign over England ended during the Renaissance with the death of Elizabeth l
  • France
    • Run almost entirely by the monarchs
    • The Renaissance took place during the end of the
    • See link for details Guide to French Heraldry
Valoir Family reign, and the beginning of the Bourbon's
  • Spain
    • Run much the same as France, almost entirely by the monarch
    • Had the same king for much of the Renaissance, Phillip III
  • Italy
    • Divided into seperate city-states, each with its own "Royal" Family

Exploration
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Columbus Voyages

  • Christopher Columbus
    • Born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451, and died on May 20, 1506
    • Took 4 voyages west in search for India
    • Discovered...
      • Bahamas
      • Puerto Rico
      • Jamaica
      • Guanaja Island
    • Creditied with discovering South America, West Indies, and Central America


  • F
    Magellano_Route.jpg
    Magellan's Voyage
    erdinand Magellan
      • Born in 1480 and died in 1521
      • Took expedition to prove that the Spice Islands belonged to the Spanish
      • Discovered...
        • The westward passage around the tip of South America
        • Pacific Ocean
        • Guam
        • Phillipines
      • Trip provided first proof that the world was round
      • Opened trade routes for countries all over the world


Astronomy

    • Ptolemaic System of Astronomy
      Copernicus'_model.jpg
      Copernicus' Model
      • Developed by Ptolemy in 150 AD
      • Motionless Earth is the center of the universe
      • Sun, moon, and planets revolve around the Earth in eccentric circles
      • Stars are attracted to the Earth
      • Gave accurate postions of planets using the naked eye
    • Copernican System of Astronomy
      • Developed by Nicolaus Copernicus in 16th century
      • All planets, including the Earth, revolve around the sun
      • Earth rotates daily on an axis
      • Planet orbits increase with increasing distance from the sun
      • Supported evidence that the Earth was round


Important Inventions
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Printing Press

  • Printing Press
    • Invented around 1450
    • Allowed for fast production of books
    • Used to print copies of the Bible

  • Gun Powder
    • Changed the way war is fought today
    • Gunpowder weapons were inaccurate and took a long time to reload
    • Eventually became the weapon of choice after time












Works Cited


Quennell, Marjorie, and CHB Quennell. A History of Everyday Things in England: Volume II. 5th ed. 1919. New York NY: G. P. Putnams’s Sons, 1960. Print. Vol. 2 of Volume 2. 2 vols.

Sayles, Jon. “Early Music.” Early Music. N.p., 2004. Web. 16 Oct. 2009. <http://www.jsayles.com/‌familypages/‌earlymusic.htm>.

“Title Page of the King James Bible.” sirbacon.org. N.p., Oct. 2005. Web. 15 Oct. 2009. <http://www.sirbacon.org/‌links/‌bible2.html>

“Western Europe.” Wikispaces . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2009. <http://jspivey.wikispaces.com/‌Priscilla+PS?f=print>.


http://www.allabouttruth.org/history-of-bible-translation-faq.htm

http://history-world.org/renaissance.htm


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